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Knee pain can occur at any age, as the knee joint is a weight-bearing joint. It is vulnerable to injury at any time, whether at rest or moving, because not only does the movement and weight bearing produce tension or compression in the joint, but resting postures also affect it greatly.

Possible treatment options for knee pain:

Every person with knee pain has a different problem causing the pain. And given the variety of causes of knee pain, the treatment is also different for all causes. However, the basic protocol is the same including medicines, exercises, or knee brace support.

Can any of these (medicines, exercises, braces) used on their own treat the problem?
The answer is NO.

According to recent research, the treatment of knee pain can be a combination of all three therapies. One thing to remember here is that a knee brace is not only used for treatment but also to prevent the chances of any injury causing knee pain.

The ideal knee brace for pain depends on your activity level and the type of injury you have. In this article, we will discuss some common conditions with knee pain as the major symptom, and the doctor’s recommended knee support for each of those conditions.

Conditions or Injuries Causing Knee Pain:

The list is extensive, but to mention a few common ones, we have:

  • Sports Injuries
  • Osteoarthritis (OA)
  • Ligament injury
  • Meniscal injury
  • Patellar pain

What are the different types of braces?

To deal with the various causes or conditions causing knee pain, several types of knee braces have been designed. Doctors recommend a specific type of knee brace for a specific condition depending on which structures are involved in a knee injury.
The types of knee braces are,

1. Knee Sleeve
2. Hinged Knee Brace
3. Patella stabilizer

Fitting a knee brace:

While wearing a knee brace, it is important to consider the proper fitting rules. Most knee braces these days are adjustable, however, you still need to consider some do’s and don’ts while choosing the best fit for yourself.
  • Don’t put on a knee brace or sleeve that is too tight because it can block the blood flow in your leg resulting in extra complications. Always go with a proper fit that is not too tight and not too loose.
  • Don’t wear a knee brace or sleeve too loose because the extra gap between your leg and the brace allows your leg to move inside the brace thus producing friction. This kind of friction or rubbing can lead to skin rashes and irritation over time.
  • Never wear a knee brace or sleeve during bedtime because it can block your arterial or venous circulation. During sleep, your knee is in a gravity-free state and is not supporting your body weight. So, you don’t need to sleep with your knee brace.
  • If you are wearing an elastic knee sleeve, make sure it provides enough room for the patella to slide when you flex or extend your knee.
  • If you are wearing an adjustable hinged knee brace, make sure you fasten it in the right position so that the axis of the hinge is aligned with your knee joint axis.

How do I know which knee brace I need?

Out of the various types of braces, it gets difficult to decide what is best for you. Making the decision easier for you, we follow one simple rule.

“What best supports your joint and provides comfort is the best knee brace for you”

●  The best knee brace for Osteoarthritis: For OA in the initial stage an Elastic Knee Support sleeve gives immediate pain relief as proved by research.

●  The best knee brace for Ligament Injury: The commonly injured ligament of the knee joint is the Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL), which stabilizes the knee joint. A sprain or tear can lead to knee joint instability; thus you need a Hinged Wraparound Knee Brace for an ACL tear.

●  The best knee brace for Meniscus Tear: The meniscus acts as a shock absorber in the knee joint and it is commonly injured in sports that require frequent twisting of the leg. A mild meniscus tear can be reduced with a simple Hinged Knee Brace, but severe injuries require surgical repair. Thus a Post-Operative Knee Brace is recommended for offloading the knee joint and preventing excessive movements until the meniscus is repaired completely.

●  The best knee brace for Patellar Pain: Patellar pain can be due to patellar tendonitis, or patellofemoral dysfunctions. For tendonitis, the ideal choice is a Patellar Knee Strap that fastens the knee joint below the patellar and offloads the patellar tendon. In the case of patellofemoral dysfunction, evidence suggests the use of a knee brace for two weeks as an effective management protocol. A Knee Support With Patella Stabilizer helps with the patellofemoral pain.

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As usual with all knee pain conditions, always consult your Doctor and/or Physiotherapist for advice.
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