Children huddled in a group, playing sport



Defending Future Stars: Arm Injury Prevention and Treatment for Young Athletes

Children who participate in sports and other physical activities are at risk of sustaining injuries. An arm injury can be painful, and in severe cases, may lead to long-term complications. As a parent or caregiver of a young athlete, it’s important to be aware of the risks and take steps to protect your child’s body.  In this article, we’ll discuss arm injuries in children and how to protect and treat young athletes.

Common Arm Injuries in Children

Children are susceptible to many of the same arm injuries as adults, including strains, sprains, fractures, and dislocations. However, there are certain injuries that are more common in young athletes, such as:

1. Little League Elbow: Little League elbow is an overuse injury that occurs in young baseball players. It is caused by repetitive throwing and can lead to pain, swelling, and stiffness in the elbow.

2. Tennis Elbow: Tennis elbow is another overuse injury that can occur in young athletes who play tennis, racquetball, or other racquet sports. It causes pain and tenderness in the elbow and can make it difficult to grip or lift objects.

3. Shoulder Dislocation: Shoulder dislocations can occur in young athletes who participate in contact sports such as football or hockey. They can cause pain and limited mobility in the shoulder and require medical attention to properly treat.

Childs arm being wrapped with a bandage

How to Protect Young Athletes’ Arms

1. Proper Warm-Up and Stretching: Warm-up exercises and stretching can help prevent arm injuries by increasing blood flow to the muscles and improving flexibility.

2. Proper Technique: Teach your child the proper technique for their sport to reduce the risk of injury. This includes proper throwing or hitting techniques for baseball and softball players and correct serving form for tennis players.

3. Gradual Increase in Activity: Young athletes should gradually increase their activity level to prevent overuse injuries. This includes gradually increasing the duration and intensity of their training.

4. Rest and Recovery: Ensure that your child gets enough rest and recovery time between practices and games to prevent overuse injuries.

5. Protective Gear: Protective gear such as elbow pads, wrist guards, or gloves can help protect the arms during physical activity. Ensure your child wears the appropriate gear for their sport.

Treatment for an Arm Injury in Children

If your child sustains an arm injury, it’s important to seek medical attention. Treatment options will depend on the type and severity of the injury but may include:

1. Rest and Ice: Rest and ice can help reduce pain and swelling in the affected area.
2. Compression and Elevation: Compression and elevation can help reduce swelling and improve circulation to the affected area.
3. Medications: Over-the-counter pain relievers such as acetaminophen or ibuprofen can help relieve pain and reduce inflammation.
4. Physical Therapy: Physical therapy may be recommended to help strengthen the affected area and improve range of motion.
5. Surgery: In severe cases, surgery may be necessary to repair a damaged or torn ligament or tendon.

Doctor treating childs arm

It’s also important to monitor your child’s activity level and take breaks as needed. Encourage your child to speak up if they are experiencing pain or discomfort during practice or a game. It’s important to take these concerns seriously and seek medical attention if necessary.

Can I use the R.I.C.E. on an arm injury?

In addition to taking preventative measures, it’s important to know how to properly treat injuries in children. If your child has sustained an arm injury, follow the RICE protocol: rest, ice, compression, and elevation. Encourage your child to rest the affected arm and avoid activities that cause pain or discomfort. Apply ice to the affected area for 20 minutes at a time, several times a day. Compression with an elastic bandage can help reduce swelling, and elevation can also help reduce swelling and promote healing.

Depending on the severity of the injury, your child may need to see a healthcare provider for further evaluation and treatment. In some cases, physical therapy may be recommended to help your child regain strength and mobility in the affected arm. Surgery may be necessary in severe cases, such as a broken bone or torn ligament.

It’s important to note that young athletes may experience psychological effects from an arm injury, such as anxiety or depression. Encourage your child to talk about their feelings and offer support and encouragement as they recover. Furthermore, it is important to help your child maintain a positive outlook and focus on the steps they can take to recover and get back to their sport.


Arm injuries in children are common, but can be prevented with proper care and attention. Parents and caregivers can take steps to protect their child’s bodies including teaching them the proper techniques for their sport, gradually increase their activity level, and ensure they get enough rest and recovery time. If an injury does occur, prompt treatment and proper care can help your child recover fully and avoid long-term complications. By following these guidelines, young athletes can stay safe, healthy, and continue to enjoy their favourite sports and activities.

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